What is subduction

This sinking is driven by the temperature difference between the subducting oceanic lithosphere and the surrounding mantle asthenosphereas the colder oceanic lithosphere is, on average, denser. The Andes and Cascades are volcanic arcs. That is where the subduction zones are concentrated.

Monitoring these areas can help them warn people who live near them of imminent events and also people who could be affected by the side effects of such events such as ash clouds or tsunamis.

This affects the distance What is subduction the trench and volcanic or island arcs. The types of volcanoes associated with subduction are composite volcanoes, also called stratovolcanoes They occur high in elevationl as parts of major mountain ranges.

Subduction zones are mainly located in the Pacific Ocean. Understanding how subduction zones work is important because it helps scientist to identify areas of high volcanic and seismic activity. The subducted sediments and crust dehydrate and release water-rich aqueous fluids into the overlying mantle, causing mantle melting and fractionation of elements between surface and deep mantle reservoirs, producing island arcs and continental crust.

The Atlantic is growing in overall area and growing new seafloor. The first is mountain formation. A New Mechanism for Subduction Initiation". Subduction zones dive down into the mantle beneath 55, kilometers of convergent plate margins Lallemand,almost equal to the cumulative 60, kilometers of mid-ocean ridges.

This also explains why so many earthquakes originate in the Pacific Ocean near the Ring of Fire. This melted material is known as magma or lava. This happens when the plate goes through subduction faster than new material can be added to the plate through seafloor spreading.

Why Does Subduction Happen? As a descending lithospheric plate warms up at depth, it will eventually lose its ability to sustain the earthquakes that allow us to distinguish that plate from the rest of the mantle. Many occur unexpectedly close to the edges of continents.

The next is volcanic activity as a plate is subducted the pressure and heat turns it into magma. In addition to causing earthquakes, subduction can also trigger tsunamis. These are the best evidence of a subduction zone as they are visible evidence of the crease formed by subduction of a plate.

Three-quarters of the volcanic activity on earth is confined to an area known as the Pacific Ring of Fire.Subduction zones are sites of gravitational sinking of Earth's lithosphere (the crust plus the top non-convecting portion of the upper mantle).

Subduction zones exist at convergent plate boundaries where one plate of oceanic lithosphere converges with another plate. In geological terms, subduction is the act of one tectonic plate moving under another tectonic plate at the point of their convergent boundary.

As the subducting plate moves under its neighboring tectonic plate, gravity pushes it further down and into the mantle layer of the earth.


The synoptic model of the Central American subduction zone by Lucke () features the overall geometry of boundary surfaces and first order tectonic discontinuities of the convergent margin, such as the subducted slab of the Cocos plate. Subduction is a geological process in which the edge of a lithospheric plate slides underneath the edge of an adjacent plate.

Subduction is one of the two major processes of plate tectonics, the other being seafloor spreading. Subduction, Latin for "carried under," is a term used for a specific type of plate interaction.

It happens when one lithospheric plate meets another—that is, in convergent zones—and the denser plate sinks down into the mantle.

What is a Subduction Zone?

How Subduction Happens Continents are made up of rocks that are too. In subduction zones, or the area where two tectonic plates collide, GPS measurements have shown that fault lines can move without causing seismic activity.

What is subduction
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